Celebrating World Philosophy Day 2012

Topic: Philosophy (Thinking Education) and Future Generations

Date: Saturday 17 November 2012

Time: 9:00 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. (Cambodian Time zone)

Key Speakers:

– Dr. Supote PRASERTSERI, former UNESCO Education Specialist

– Dr. Monychenda HENG, Director of Buddhism for Development

– Mr. Chanroeun PA, Director of the Cambodian Centre for Applied Philosophy and Ethics
http://www.4shared.com/embed/3362209283/86654d0

សម្រង់គតិ៖ ទស្សនវិជ្ជារបស់​ព្រះចៅអធិរាជ ជ័យវរ្ម័នទី៧

ប្រសិនបើអ្នកដឹកនាំខ្មែរដើរតាមទស្សនវិជ្ជានេះរបស់ព្រះចៅអធិរាជ ជ័យវរ្ម័នទី៧ នោះ​រាស្រ្តខ្មែរមិនរងទុក្ខវេទនារាប់សតវត្សរហូតដល់ពេលនេះទេ។

តើពាក្យ Critical Thinking ​បកប្រែជា​ភាសាខ្មែរ​ថា​ដូច​ម្តេច?

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ដោយ

ប៉ា ចន្ទរឿន

មាន ​បងប្អូន​ខ្មែរ​យើង​មួយ​ចំនួន​បាន​សួរ​ខ្ញុំ​ថា​តើ​ពាក្យ ​Critical Thinking បកប្រែ​ជា​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ​ថា​ដូចម្តេច។ ឆ្លើយ​តប​នឹង​ចំងល់​នេះ, ខ្ញុំ​សូម​ធ្វើ​ការ​បក​ស្រាយ​ជូន​ដូច​ខាងក្រោម៖

តាមនិយមន័យជាភាសាអង់គ្លេស, critical thinking មានន័យថា thinking of thinking (ការគិតនៃការគិត)។ ពាក្យ Critical Thinking នេះកើត​ចេញ​ពី​ការ​ផ្សំ​គ្នា​រវាង​ពាក្យ ​​Critical = ត្រិះរិះ, ពិចារណា (នៅក្នុង​បរិបទ​នៃ​ពាក្យ ​Critical Thinking) និង​ពាក្យ Thinking= ការគិត។ តាម​ពិត​​ខ្មែរ​យើង​មាន​ពាក្យ​ “ត្រិះរិះ” ​តាំងពី​បុរាណកាល​មក។ តាម​វចនានុក្រម​ខ្មែរដែល​បាន​បោះពុម្ព​ដោយ​ពុទ្ធសាសនបណ្ឌិត្យ​នៅ​ឆ្នាំ​១៩៦៧, គ្រួសារពាក្យ​នៃ​ពាក្យ “​រិះ​” មាន​ដូចខាងក្រោម៖

  • រិះ គិត​ពិចារណា, គិត​គ្នេរ, គិត​ច្រើន​; គិត​កាញ់​ល្អិត​ល្អោច​ច្រើន​ពេក។
  • រិះ ​ មើល​ទាល់​តែ​ឃើញ​ពិត​; ខ្វះ​ខាត​អ្វី​ត្រូវ​ទារយក​តាម​ការ​ចុះ​ខ្ញុំ​មិន​រិះ​ទេ ។ (គុ.) ដែល​កាញ់​គ្នេរ​ពេក, ដែល​កំណាញ់​កំបុត​កំបួញ : មនុស្ស​រិះ ។
  • រិះ​គន់ គន់​មើល​ដោយ​រិះ គឺ​គន់មើល​​រិះ​រក​​ទោស​រក​កំហុស​គេ ឬ រក​ដំណើរ​ទាស់​ឆ្គង ។
  • រិះ​គិត គិត​ហើយ​គិត​ទៀត​រឿយៗ, ត្រិះ​រិះ
  • រិះ​រក ពិចារណា​រក, គិត​គ្នេរ​រក ។
  • រិះ​រេ គិត​គ្នេរ​គ្នាន់​លៃ​លកដោយ​រេ​គំ​និត​រក​ឲ្យបាន​ងាយ​ឲ្យ​បាន​ស្រួល ។ ​

ក្នុង​នោះ​ពាក្យ​​ “ត្រិះរិះ​”​ មានន័យថារិះរក, គិត​ពិចារណា​ដោយ​ល្អិត​ល្អន់។ ហេតុនេះពាក្យ Critical Thinking ត្រូវ​នឹង​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ​ថា ការគិតត្រិះរិះ ឬ​ ការគិតពិចារណា។

នៅក្នុង​មុខ​វិជ្ជា​​ការគិតត្រិះរិះ (Critical Thinking) ក៏មាន​គ្រួសារពាក្យ​មួយ​ចំនួន​ទៀត​ដូចជា៖

  • Critical Thought
  • Critical Thinker
  • to think  critically
  • etc.

ពាក្យ Thought និង​ Thinking ពេល​ខ្លះ​អាច​ប្រើ​ជំនួស​គ្នា​បាន ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ភាសា​អង់គ្លេស។ ប៉ុន្តែ Critical Thinking ខុសពី Critical Thought។ ពាក្យ​ទី​មួយ​គឺ​ជា​ដំណើរការ រីឯពាក្យ​ទីពីរគឺ​ជា​លទ្ធផល។ ហេតុ​នេះ​យើង​ត្រូវ​បង្កើត​ពាក្យ​ពីរ​ផ្សេងគ្នា​សម្រាប់​ពួកគេ។ ដោយ​យោង​តាម​អត្ថន័យ​នៃ​ពាក្យ​មេខាងលើ, ខ្ញុំ​សូម​បកប្រែ​ពាក្យ​ទាំងនេះ​ជា​៖

  • Critical Thinking =  ការគិតពិចារណា (ការគិតត្រិះរិះ)
  • Critical Thought = គំនិតត្រិះរិះ ឬ​គំនិតរិះគិត
  • ​Critical Thinker= អ្នកគិតត្រិះរិះ
  • to think critically = គិតពិចារណា, គិតត្រិះរិះ

Kalama Sutta The Buddha’s Charter of Free Inquiry

Translated from the Pali by

Soma Thera

Preface  

The instruction of the Kalamas (Kalama Sutta) is justly famous for its encouragement of free inquiry; the spirit of the sutta signifies a teaching that is exempt from fanaticism, bigotry, dogmatism, and intolerance.

The reasonableness of the Dhamma, the Buddha’s teaching, is chiefly evident in its welcoming careful examination at all stages of the path to enlightenment. Indeed the whole course of training for wisdom culminating in the purity of the consummate one (the arahant) is intimately bound up with examination and analysis of things internal: the eye and visible objects, the ear and sounds, the nose and smells, the tongue and tastes, the body and tactile impressions, the mind and ideas. Continue reading

Online Dialogue for the Celebration of World Philosophy Day 2011

(UNESCO World Philosophy Day 2011 Logo)

 Dialogue on the Roles of Philosophy in Promoting the Culture of Peace and Sustainable Development in Cambodia

UNESCO has celebrated the World Philosophy Day every year since 2002, on the third Thursday of November, both at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris and other cities around the world. UNESCO’s objective is to promote an international culture of philosophical debate that respects human dignity and diversity. The Day encourages academic exchange and highlights the contribution of philosophical knowledge in addressing global issues.

In order to celebrate the World Philosophy Day 2011, the Cambodian Centre for Applied Philosophy and Ethics (CAMCAPE) will organize an Online Dialogue through Skype on the 27th November 2011. Here is the detail of the program:

Topic: ‘The Roles of Philosophy in Promoting the Culture of Peace and Sustainable Development in Cambodia

Date: Sunday 27 November 2011

Time: 9:00 a.m – 11:00 a.m. (Cambodia Time zone)

Key Speakers:

  1. Dr. Thel Thong
  2. Dr. Hoc Dy Khing
  3. Dr. Supote Prasertsri
  4. Mr. Sophan Seng, Ph.D. Candidate
  5. Mr. Chanroeun Pa, Ph.D. Candidate

Skype ID: Khmerosophy

The seminar will be conducted in Khmer. In order to participate in this seminar, you need to add ‘Khmerosophy’ into your Skype list. For more information, please contact us via <chanroeunkh@gmail>.

*Ground Rules for this Online Dialogue:

  1. Program Activities
  2. Here are the ground rules for dialogue and the Buddha’s Charter of Free Inquiry
  3. This dialogue will be conducted through Skype. Therefore, each participant must make sure that he/she is positioning in a place that has no disturbing noise. If there is a disturbing voice came across, the admin will give a warning, and if the annoying voice is still happening, the admin will dismiss that participant for the chat room for the sake of the dialogue. However, you can ask to be re-invited if you think your place is not annoying other participants in the room any more.
  4. No interrupting while the dialogue is on the process or others are speaking.
  5. All questions and comments must be relevant to the topic.
  6. The whole session will be recorded for educational purposes. Please contact the moderator if you wish your voice not to be recorded.
  7. During the dialogue, please contact  the moderator  (by sending message) if you want to ask a question.

Thanks!

បឋកថារបស់ បណ្ឌិត សារ៉ា ហ្គោរីង ស្តីពី​ទស្សនវិជ្ជាសម្រាប់​កុមារ

Dr. Sara Goering – Philosophy for Kids: Sparking a Love of Learning

Dialogue as a Form of Healthy and Productive Discussion

Opinion by Chanroeun Pa

Dialogue and debate are the most popular forms of formal discussion. However each of them has its own ground rules and  goals.

Debate Vs. Dialogue?

Dialogue is a special kind of discourse employing distinctive skills to achieve mutual understanding and mutual trust and respect. While Debate or debating is a formal method of interactive and representational argument. Debate is a broader form of argument than logical argument, which only examines consistency from axiom, and factual argument, which only examines what is or isn’t the case or rhetoric which is a technique of persuasion.

Goal

The goal of debate is winning; the goal of dialogue is understanding and learning. Continue reading